By Rowena Cullen, Graham Hassall
This e-book analyzes the typical set of stumbling blocks to the improvement and integration of presidency details and conversation know-how (ICT) initiatives and powerful e-government projects in constructing international locations. It attracts at the services and event of extra constructed states within the Pacific, significantly Australia and New Zealand, either hugely rated in worldwide scores for e-government and lively in various e-government improvement tasks around the quarter.
There has been a normal failure to spot priorities and align initiatives with neighborhood wishes in ICT/e-government tasks. Small Island constructing States (or SIDS) current a different challenge by way of e-government. not just do they be afflicted by a typical set of obstacles to ICT improvement equivalent to their remoteness, geographical dispersion, wet tropical climates, mostly rural populations, and absence of ICT ability and infrastructure, yet also are depending on exterior firms for funding, and needs to negotiate with strong donors who've conflicting agendas.
E-government is extensively considered as 'transformational', expanding potency, productiveness, responsibility, financial development, and citizen involvement. yet whereas the governments of SIDS are devoted to harnessing ICTs for powerful executive and financial improvement, they face significant demanding situations in constructing winning e-government projects, a result of difficulties defined above, coupled with an absence of HR capacities and acceptable techniques and policies.
Drawing at the adventure of the states pointed out above, in addition to nearby quasi-governmental our bodies, nongovernmental enterprises (NGOs), relief enterprises, and the personal quarter, the ebook can be of curiosity to researchers and scholars within the fields of e-government, public management, political technology, verbal exchange, details technology, and social media.
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Extra resources for Achieving Sustainable E-Government in Pacific Island States
All institutions involved in policy development must share an understanding of the policy environment, the government’s priorities and the range of solutions within reach. The public policy perspective argues that such policy discourse should be part of any government’s normal practice, but in the context of developing countries it necessarily involves a broader development dialogue involving regional collaborations, as well as development partners, professional bodies, user groups, and service providers.
What works elsewhere is not necessarily appropriate for PICs. This volume is focused on identifying what does work, and how ICTs and e-government can bring promised beneﬁts to government in the Paciﬁc Island states. 1 The former Secretariat of the Paciﬁc Community was recently renamed the Paciﬁc Community (SPC), a form used throughout the volume. Australia, New Zealand, France, and the United States of America, are four of the ‘founding members’ of the Paciﬁc Community, although as industrialized countries, development partners and colonial powers in the region are not actively served by the SPC.
But internet access remains costly, and reliable bandwidth and internet service is patchy. Retaining skilled staff, maintaining equipment, negotiating access to networks and building capacity is an on-going challenge for the telecommunications industry and for Paciﬁc governments. Nevertheless, information and communication technologies are having considerable impact in reducing the effects of some of the vulnerabilities outlined above and are making a major contribution to local economies. This impact was noted in a recent report commissioned by the Paciﬁc Region Infrastructure Facility (Minges and Stork 2015), which observes that liberalization of the telecommunications industry, increased competition and increased global bandwidth has had both a direct impact on Paciﬁc economies through growth in the industry itself, as well as indirect impacts through deployment of government networks (although less so on citizen and business-oriented services), and mobile services such as text alerts for severe weather, ferry schedules, voting locations and the status of pension fund accounts.
Achieving Sustainable E-Government in Pacific Island States by Rowena Cullen, Graham Hassall