Accommodation and Vergence Mechanisms in the Visual System by L. E. Mays, P. D. R. Gamlin (auth.), Prof. Dr. Ove Franzén, PDF

By L. E. Mays, P. D. R. Gamlin (auth.), Prof. Dr. Ove Franzén, Dr. Hans Richter, Dr. Lawrence Stark (eds.)

ISBN-10: 303487586X

ISBN-13: 9783034875868

ISBN-10: 3034875886

ISBN-13: 9783034875882

This convention used to be instigated through a mixture of things: the character of the matter, the broad­ unfold occupational epidemiology said on eye indicators and eye fatigue within the office, and the organizers' understanding of the complexity of the clinical and medical bases of information that would be usefully utilized. The advent of latest tools into process neurobiology presents new insights into how we obtain and strategy info from the exterior global, and act upon it. New, non-invasive equipment have opened tips on how to direct statement of the human mind in motion. Due rather to the interplay among the visible and oculomotor necessities concerned, a number of scientific and clinical fields intersect while those concerns are thought of. to supply transparent imaginative and prescient the accommodative and pupillary mechanisms are used. to keep up binocularity, the ver­ gence oculomotor approach, delicate to fatigue, needs to reach congruence with accommodative degrees. This accommodation-vergence linkage was once a spotlight of our symposium.

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1953) A type of paralysis of conjugate gaze (ocular motor apraxia). A Archives of Opthalmology 50: 434-442. , and Stein 1. (1989) Vergence control in patients with lesions of the posterior parietal cortex. Journal of Physiology 417: 92P. Fries W. (1984) Cortical projections to the superior colliculus in the macaque monkey: a retrograde study using horseradish peroxidase. Journal of Comparative Neurology 230:55-76. E. (1992) Dynamic properties of medial rectus motoneurons during vergence eye movements.

1986). Obviously, this means that, although birds are certainly able to converge their eyes, vergence and accommodation can be completely IRIS CILIARY BODY Figure 1. Pathway from nEW to the eye in bird uncoupled. , 1990). Such vision must be restricted to an area of the temporal peripheral retina which often contains a specialized area or even a second fovea (Galifret, 1968). The need to look obliquely through the optical system of the eye may explain the fact that regional myopias can be induced in the chick eye.

Pause, M. and Fries, W. (1988) Raphe nucleus of the pons containing omnipause neurons of the oculomotor system in the monkey. Journal of Comparative Neurology 267: 307-321. J. and Ikeda, H. (1985) Luminance and darkness detectors in the olivary and posterior pretectal nuclei and their relationship to the pupillary light reflex in the rat. I. Studies with steady luminance levels. Experimental Brain Research 57: 224-232. , Smith, B. M. (1984) Effects of damage to superior colliculi and pretectum on movement discrimination in rhesus monkeys.

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Accommodation and Vergence Mechanisms in the Visual System by L. E. Mays, P. D. R. Gamlin (auth.), Prof. Dr. Ove Franzén, Dr. Hans Richter, Dr. Lawrence Stark (eds.)


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