By David Potter
A survey of French historical past from the reign of Louis XI to the outbreak of the Wars of faith that isolates a few of the debatable theories of the interval: kingdom development, the Aristocracy and clientage and the Reformation and discusses them with complete awareness to the nearby variety of France. It additionally introduces the reader to contemporary learn at the courtroom and executive set within the context of the elemental social and fiscal pursuits of the interval. it's argued that the elemental id of France as a country used to be strengthened less than the aegis of monarchical legitimacy sponsored by means of the the Aristocracy and the church, atmosphere the development for the remainder of the Ancien Regime.
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Additional info for A History of France, 1460–1560: The Emergence of a Nation State
In the Remonstrances the Parlement made to the Regent Louise of Savoy in April 1525 it suggested that, for the king, 'it is not necessary that he often use his absolute power, which is reserved for great and urgent affairs, not for the profit of private persons'. Yet, two years later, in a speech often viewed as challenging many of the king's policies, president Charles Guillart declared the very different emphasis that absolute rule in itself was 'in itself more like brute nature than reason'.
Louis, for instance, heard of the death of his enemy the duke of Burgundy much earlier than the ducal court. By the first half of the sixteenth century, riders in haste could achieve 70, occasionally 80 km a day and could get to London from Paris in the remarkable time of six days, with the wind favourable. 98 However, this was still an expensive luxury to be used by special envoys and ambassadors only. Bernard Guenee has to some extent refined Fawtier's original view by pointing out the increasingly sharp awareness of physical space in twelfth- and thirteenth-century Europe.
However, contemporaries selected these ideal qualities of restraint according to their taste. ' President Charles Guillart in the famous lit de justice of July 1527 could use the same concepts in a very different way. He underlined religion, justice and force, making it clear that, without force there could be no justice and therefore no 'tranquility of peoples'. However, since the force had to be paid for by the people's taxes, it was the duty of the king to guard them from the oppression of those for whom they paid.
A History of France, 1460–1560: The Emergence of a Nation State by David Potter