By Christopher Dyer
Round 1500 England's society and economic climate had reached a turning element. After a protracted interval of gradual switch or even stagnation, an age of innovation and initiative was once in movement, with enclosure, voyages of discovery, and new applied sciences. It used to be an age of fierce controversy, during which the govt used to be petrified of beggars and cautious of rebellions. The 'commonwealth' writers equivalent to Thomas extra have been sharply severe of the greed of revenue hungry landlords who dispossessed the negative. This booklet is ready a wool service provider and massive scale farmer who epitomises in lots of methods the spirit of the interval.
John historical past saved an account booklet, from which we will be able to reconstruct an entire society within the neighborhood of Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire. He took half within the removing of a village which stood within the manner of agricultural 'improvement', ran a wide scale sheep farm, and as a 'woolman' spent a lot time traveling round the nation-state assembly with gentry, farmers, and peasants so as to purchase their wool. He offered the fleeces he produced and people he accrued to London retailers who exported via Calais to the fabric cities of Flanders. The wool growers named within the e-book will be studied of their local villages, and their lives may be reconstructed within the around, interacting of their groups, adapting their farming to new conditions, and arranging the construction in their neighborhood churches.
A state Merchant has the various features of a biography, is an element kin heritage, and half neighborhood background, with a few panorama historical past. Dyer explores subject matters in monetary and social historical past with out neglecting the non secular and cultural heritage. His imperative matters are to illustrate the significance of trade within the interval, and to teach the contribution of peasants to a altering economy.
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Additional info for A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages
Logan and R. M. Adams (eds), Thomas More: Utopia (Cambridge, 1989). K. Wrightson, ‘Sorts of People in Tudor and Stuart England’, in J. Berry and C. Brooks (eds), The Middling Sort of People: Culture, Society and Politics in England, 1550–1800 (Basingstoke, 1994), 28–51. 82 P. Slack, From Reformation to Improvement: Public Welfare in Early Modern England (Oxford, 1999). 83 J. Lee, ‘Urban Policy and Urban Political Culture: Henry VII and his Towns’, Historical Research, 82 (2009), 493–510; M. K. McIntosh, Working Women in English Society 1300–1620 (Cambridge, 2005), 37–42.
Whittemore, The Monumental Brasses of Gloucestershire (London, 2005), 320, 322. 88 A. Hanham, The Celys and their World: An English Merchant Family in the Fifteenth Century (Cambridge, 1985), 245; N. Saul, ‘The Wool Merchants and their Brasses’, Transactions of the Monumental Brass Society, 17 (2008), 315–35. 89 For Staple merchants living in the country, acquiring land, and joining the gentry, Yates, Western Berkshire, 197–200. These were really ‘country merchants’, whereas Heritage was based in a town, though his business was conducted in the country.
5 A year or two afterwards, probably when he was in his late twenties, he found a wife, called Elizabeth, and they appear as Roger and Elizabeth Heritage in 1476 when they enrolled (together with John senior and Margaret) in another 1 F. T. S. Houghton, E. Stokes, and L. ), Warwickshire Feet of Fines, 2, 1284–1345, Dugdale Society, 15 (1939), 66. 2 He must have been born after 1466. On the freeholding, WGLS, 33. , 259. He sponsored other recruits in the following year, 263–4. 4 TNA: PRO, PROB 2/457, refers to debts to John Heritage the elder.
A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the End of the Middle Ages by Christopher Dyer